The Red Sea

The Red Sea is between the continents Africa and Asia.  It is slowly growing as the two continents spread apart due to the Red Sea Rift.  The Arabian plate and the African plate are experiencing divergent boundaries.  The sea is actually connected to the Indian Ocean through the Bab el Mandeb strait, located in the south.  The Red Sea will eventually become a large ocean.  As of now, the sea is approximately 1,398 miles long and its widest point is 225 miles wide.  Running through the middle of the sea, is the 7, 255ft trench.  The Red Sea was named by the Greeks.  In Latin, the Red Sea is named Erythra Thalassa, meaning Arabian Gulf.
The Red Sea is known for a higher salinity level than the other seas and oceans.  It is 4% higher than others and this is due to a few factors.  One is the high rate of evaporation and the lack of rain the sea gets.  The second is the lack of fresh water pouring into the sea from streams and rivers.  The last factor is the small connection with the Indian Ocean.  The Indian Ocean actually has a lower water salinity and the Bab el Mandeb strait does not allow enough water to mix.
There is a rich and abundant ecosystem in the Red Sea.  There are over 1200 known species of fish and almost 50 species of shark!  The sea offers a beautiful coral reef, which allows for the wildlife to thrive.  Because of the sea’s location, there are many windstorms that also create massive sandstorms.  The wind mainly travels from west to east, carrying a lot of sand from the deserts in North Africa (mainly Egypt and Sudan).  The sand causes some days at the Red Sea to be uncomfortable and hard to see spectacular views.

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