In 2005 a group of major organization including The American Red Cross, U.S Department of homeland security, and U.S. Geological survey came together to develop a handbook for the people of California to use as a safety guide in the occurrence of an earthquake. “This handbook provides information about the threat posed by earthquakes in the San Francisco Bay region and explains how you can prepare for, survive, and recover from these inevitable events.” The Handbook then goes on to tell citizens why they should do these steps and why to do them now. It is important to start preparations immediately because we never know when one is going to happen and there is a 60% chance a life threatening one will happen within 30 years. The book even gives you a step by step checklist for preparation. Step 1. Identify potential hazards in your home and begin to fix them. Step 2. Create a disaster-preparedness plan. Step 3. Create disaster kits. Step 4. Identify your building’s potential weaknesses and begin to fix them. Step 5. Protect yourself during earthquake shaking. Step 6. After the quake, check for injuries and damage. Step 7. When safe, continue to follow your disaster-preparedness plan. Most of these steps seem like common sense, unfortunately though, very few people have done all of these steps. The handbook says fewer than ten percent of households have a disaster plan, and fewer than fifty percent have disaster supply kits. Eventually the handbook even goes on to tell readers what causes earthquakes, where the faults are, and even helps find out whether your insurance will cover a disaster such as an earthquake. Reconstruction took place on the Oakland Bay Bridge to improve its ability to weather an earthquake. First, most of the steel supporting the bridge was replaced. Steel rivets were then put in place for extra support and instead of large concrete blocks. The concrete was put through several test and showed that when exposed to stress it could crack. Not only were improvements made by the state of California to their bridges, but there water and gas lines as well. As previously mentioned earthquakes can dismantle water and gas pipes under the ground or in houses. So now throughout San Francisco most of the water and gas pipe connection have been made with flexible material to be able to withstand an earthquake.
It is important to be ready because you never know when a earthquake will hit. Technology has been improving over the years, but scientist still are not able to predict a exact time when a earthquake will hit. So until we reach that point we must be prepared for whatever comes our way.